By Peter Ladefoged
Phonetics is so comprehensible with A direction IN PHONETICS and its CD! This best-selling textual content will get undergraduates painlessly into the subdiscipline of phonetics. Attuning your ear and working towards speech sounds is straightforward with the CD-ROM; over 4,000 audio documents comprise many types of English and virtually a hundred different languages. The CD additionally comprises fabric for each chapter--recordings of phrases within the tables and function exercises--and maps with hyperlinks to sounds of the languages spoken in a number of components of the area.
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Additional resources for A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition)
Glottal stop only occurs word initially before vowels in American English. In London Cockney, glottal stop also appears between vowels in words like butter and button where other dialects have a variant of [ t ]. , [ bœt/° ] and [ kœt/° ]). There is one minor matter still to be considered in the transcription of the consonant contrasts of English. In most forms of both British and American English, which does not contrast with witch. 1 are said to begin simply with [ w ]. But some speakers of English contrast pairs of words such as which, witch; why, wye; whether, weather.
In all these words, the symbol [ " ] is a stress mark that has been placed before the syllable carrying the main stress. ) In British English, [ E ] is usually the sole component of the -er part of words such as brother, brotherhood, simpler [ "brØDE, "brØDEhÁd, "sImplE ]. In forms of American English with r-colored vowels, these words are usually [ "brØDE±, "brØDE±hÁd, "sImplE± ]. As with the symbol [ ∏± ], the small hook on [ E± ] symbolizes the r-coloring. Both [ E ] and [ E± ] are very common vowels, [ E ] occurring very frequently in unstressed monosyllables such as the grammatical function words the, a, to, and, but.
You can hear Peter Ladefoged saying the vowels in the words heed, hid, head, had, hod, hawed, hood, who’d in his British accent on the CD. The first four of these vowels have a quality that clearly goes up in pitch, and the last four have a declining pitch. In summary, vowel sounds may be said on a variety of notes (voice pitches), but they are distinguished from one another by two characteristic vocal tract pitches associated with their overtones. One of them (actually the higher of the two) goes downward throughout most of the series heed, hid, head, had, hod, hawed, hood, who’d and corresponds roughly to the difference between front and back vowels.
A Course in Phonetics (Sixth Edition) by Peter Ladefoged