By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution
Now greater than ever, biology has the aptitude to give a contribution functional options to the various significant demanding situations confronting the U.S. and the area. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that relies on larger integration inside of biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover strategies to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable foodstuff construction, environment recovery, optimized biofuel construction, and development in human health and wellbeing. The strategy demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, inner most, and educational sectors to aid meet demanding situations and increase the go back on lifestyles technological know-how study in most cases.
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Extra resources for A New Biology for the 21st Century
Fundamental understanding will require predictive models that include all of the factors that affect growth and development; several technologies that will have to be developed to be applied in parallel to model and crop plants; new methods for live visualization of growing plants and for computational modeling of their growth and development at the molecular and cellular levels; cell-type specific gene expression, proteomic, and metabolomic data; high-throughput phenotyping, both visual and chemical; methods to characterize the dynamics and functions of microbial communities; and ready access to next-generation sequencing methods.
The combined efforts of plant scientists, microbiologists, ecologists, chemical and industrial process engineers, molecular biologists, geneticists, and many others are needed to develop and optimize the biomass-to-biofuel system. Combining the strengths of these communities does not necessarily mean bringing these experts into the same facility. Indeed, advancing communication and informatics infrastructures make it easier than ever to assemble a virtual collaboration. The New Biology Initiative proposed in this report would provide the resources to attract the best minds from across the scientific landscape to the problem, ensure that innovations and advances are swiftly communicated, and provide the tools and technologies needed to succeed.
The environment is damaged both by the extraction of these resources and then by the subsequent release of the byproducts of their use. Sustainable, efficient, and clean sources of energy are crucial to reducing our dependence on and the depletion of fossil fuels. The New Biology can help propel the sustainable production of biofuels, and the United States could be the leader in this increasingly important industrial sector. Direct conversion of biomass to thermal energy via combustion was our first source of energy.
A New Biology for the 21st Century by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution