By Harold D. Holder
An individual's selection to take advantage of alcohol and the frequency, volume, and occasions of use are the results of a mix of organic and social components. ingesting is not just a private selection, but additionally an issue of customized and social habit, and is stimulated through entry and financial components together with degrees of disposable source of revenue and value of alcoholic drinks. until eventually prevention efforts stop to concentration narrowly at the person and start to undertake broader group views on alcohol difficulties and techniques to lessen them, those efforts will fail. the writer demanding situations the present implicit types utilized in alcohol challenge prevention and demonstrates an ecological point of view of the neighborhood as a posh adaptive method composed of interacting subsystems. this crucial quantity represents a brand new and brilliant method of the prevention of alcohol dependence and alcohol-related difficulties.
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Additional resources for Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention
The systems dynamics approach does not involve curve fitting; rather, it requires first the conceptual specification and then the mathematical specification of a dynamic system in which variables interact with one another over time in an iterative fashion. Simulation models can contribute to alcohol problem prevention research in at least four areas: (1) Enhancing understanding of the community as a system. Numerous studies have analyzed various aspects of alcohol-related problems, but seldom have efforts been made to integrate these findings.
In general, where drinking is more acceptable, it is more widespread, and average consumption is higher. In turn, the prevailing level of alcohol consumption in the community reinforces the norms for acceptable levels of drinking. Thus, the Consumption Subsystem both influences and is influenced by the Social Norms Subsystem. Drinking as a part of routine activity Alcohol is a part of routine life in any community, even if the community formally prohibits the use and sale of alcohol. The role of drinking in the life of members of a given community is defined by the extent to which alcohol is available both socially and for retail sale, and is consumed by members of the community.
These data on age- and gender-related drinking patterns and their stability across cultures provide additional evidence for the stability of the maturational effect: typically, as a person gets older, his or her drinking level reaches a peak and then declines. On average, women drink less than do men, and their drinking peaks later in life. Age groups used in SimCom Age is an important predictor of particular kinds of alcohol consumption and alcohol-involved problems, such as alcohol-involved accidental injuries and death among the young, and alcohol-related chronic disease in older drinkers.
Alcohol and the Community: A Systems Approach to Prevention by Harold D. Holder